click here Termessos is one of the best preserved ancient cities in Turkey. It is located on the Korkuteli Road, 30 kilometers northwest of Antalya. An average of 1,150 meters above sea level is built on a natural platform in the southwest of Gulluk Mountain. Due to its natural and historical riches, it is covered by the national Park bearing the name of the city.
source This city is the first time in history with the siege of Alexander the Great. Arrianos, one of the oldest historians interested in this event and noted the strategic significance of Termessos, said the city could be defended even with a small unit because of the natural obstacles that cannot be overcome by the siege of the city.
Alexander wanted to move from Pamphylia to Phrygian, and according to Arrianos, he was crossing the road Termessos to Phrygian. Indeed, while there are lower and easier passages, it is still a matter of debate why Alexander chooses to climb the gate of Yenice, which is so steep. It is said that his enemies in Perge sent Alexander the wrong way. Alexander has spent a lot of time trying to pass through the passage of the Termessos, and he has returned with this nerve and surrounded Termessos. Since he probably knew he couldn’t hold the Termessos, Alexander didn’t go to the offensive, but instead he marched north and took his rage out of Sagalessos.
The historian Diodors recorded another memorable event in the history of Termessos. After Alexander’s death in 319 A.D., one of his generals, Antigonos Monophtalmos, proclaimed himself ruler of Asia Minor, and was prepared to fight with his rival Alcetas, the main supporter of Pisidia. The forces of Antigonos Monophtalmos have been composed of 40,000 infantry, 7,000 cavalry, and countless elephants. Alcetas and his friends who were unable to overcome these highly qualified forces have sought refuge in Termessos. The termessessular promised to help them. In this time, Antigonos has come to the front of the city and struggled to be returned to his enemy by camping here.
The elders of Termessos, who do not want their cities to be dragged to the disaster for a foreign Macedonian, have decided to return the Alcetas, but the young Termessessular wanted to keep their promises and refused to go out of it. The elders sent a delegation to Antigonos to inform them of their intention to release the Alcetas. According to a secret plan to continue the war, young people in Termessan have managed to leave the city. As soon as he learns that he will be imprisoned, Alcetas has chosen to die rather than given the enemy’s hand and killed himself. The elders have sent the Alcetas body to Antigonos. For three days, Antigonos, who has made every effort to the corpse, then left the body buried in Pisidia. The young are the ones who resent the Alcetas ‘ body, buried them in respect and planted a beautiful monument in his memory.
Termessos was clearly not a port city, but the land was laid in the southwest across the Gulf of Attaleia (Antalya). Due to the city’s connection to the sea, the city is taken by Ptolemy. It is surprising that a city that resists even during Alexander’s strong periods of 40 years ago accepted the Egyptian sovereignty.